Aberdeen (The Granite City) is Scotland’s third largest city. Aberdeen

is the chief commercial centre and seaport in the north-east of

Scotland. It boasts the title of Oil Capital of Europe thanks to the

plentiful supply of crude oil in the North Sea, and stands on a bay of

the North Sea, between the mouths of the rivers Don and Dee.


Aberdeen grew up as two separate burghs – Old Aberdeen at the mouth of

the Don and New Aberdeen, a fishing and trading settlement where the

Denburn entered the Dee estuary. The earliest charter was granted by

King William the Lion about 1179, confirming the corporate rights

granted by David I. The city received other royal charters later. In

1319, the Great Charter of Robert the Bruce transformed Aberdeen into a

property owning and financially independent community. The city was

burned by Edward III of England in 1336, but was soon rebuilt and

extended, and called New Aberdeen.

For many centuries the city was

subject to attacks by the neighbouring lords, and was strongly

fortified, but the gates were all removed by 1770. In the 18th century

a new Town Hall was built, elegantly furnished with a marble fireplace

from Holland and a set of fine crystal chandeliers and sconces. The

19th century was a time of considerable expansion. By 1901 the

population was 153,000 and the city covered more than 6,000 acres (24

km²). In the late 18th century, the council embarked on a scheme

of road improvements, and by 1805 George Street, King Street and Union

Street were open, the latter a feat of extraordinary engineering skill

involving the partial levelling of St Catherine’s Hill and the building

of arches to carry the street over Putachieside. The increasing

economic importance of Aberdeen and the development of the shipbuilding

and fishing industries brought a need for improved harbour facilities.

During this century much of the harbour as it exists today was built

including Victoria Dock, the South Breakwater and the extension to the

North Pier.

Places of interest

The main places of interest for the tourists in Aberdeen are the

museums, art galleries and the Scotland’s castle trails. Here is a list

of interesting places in Aberdeen:

  • Aberdeen Art Gallery
  • Aberdeen Maritime Museum
  • Castle Fraser
  • Craigievar Castle
  • Crathes Castle & Gardens
  • Dunnottar Castle
  • Fyvie Castle
  • Provost Skene House
  • Museums and Art Galleries

    The city is blessed with amenities which cover a wide range of cultural

    activities and boasts a selection of museums. The Aberdeen Art Gallery

    houses a collection of Impressionist, Victorian, Scottish and 20th

    Century British paintings as well as collections of silver and glass.

    It also includes The Alexander Macdonald Bequest, a collection of late

    19th century works donated by the museum’s first benefactor and a

    constantly changing collection of contemporary work and regular

    visiting exhibitions. Some of the other Aberdeen’s museums and art

    galleries are:

  • Aberdeen Art Gallery
  • Aberdeen Maritime Museum
  • Provost Ross’ House
  • The Gordon Highlanders Museum
  • Marischal Museum
  • James Dun’s House
  • Museum of Education Victorian Classroom
  • Tolbooth Museum
  • Aberdeen Arts Centre
  • His Majesty’s Theatre 1906 (presently -2005- under renovation) is a

    fine granite theatre which provides a home for popular entertainments.
  • Shopping

    The main shopping districts center on specialty shops on Chapel and

    Thistle streets and the well-known chains on George and Union streets.

    Of interest to collectors, Colin Wood, stocks furniture, wall clocks,

    and grandfather clocks from the 17th to the early 20th centuries.

    Someone may also want to browse through the eclectic mix of bric-a-brac

    antiques at Elizabeth Watts Studio, where items include glass, brass,

    antique jewelry, china, silver, and a few small furniture pieces. For

    one-stop gift shopping, drop in at Nova, which stocks china, silver

    jewelry, rugs, clothing, toys, cards, and gift paper.

    Other interesting shops are Grandad’s Attic, which specializes in Art

    Deco ceramics and antique pine furniture; Just Scottish, retailers of

    quality items — all made in Scotland, including ceramics, knitwear,

    textiles, silver, and jewelry; and Alex Scott & Co. the town’s

    finest kiltmakers.

    Food and Drinks

    Although Aberdeen is a well renowned city, it does not have many

    restaurants in offer. Mainly all the restaurants and bars offer

    continental or British/Irish/Scottish cuisine. Some of the famous

    places for wine and dine are:

  • Elrond’s Cafe Bar
  • Ferryhill House
  • Howies Aberdeen
  • Martha’s Vineyard Bistro/The Courtyard Restaurant
  • Silver Darling
  • Education

    The first of Aberdeen’s two universities, the University of Aberdeen,

    was founded in 1495 by William Elphinstone, Bishop of Aberdeen and

    Chancellor of Scotland. The University of Aberdeen is Scotland’s third

    oldest, and the UK’s fifth oldest University.

    Robert Gordon’s College (originally Robert Gordon’s Hospital) was

    founded in and in the 1990s became co-educational and a day-only

    school. It also produced the Robert Gordon Institute of Technology,

    which became The Robert Gordon University in 1992.

    Gray’s School of Art, founded in 1886, is one of the oldest established

    colleges of art in the UK. Aberdeen College has several campuses in

    Aberdeen and offers a wide variety of part-time and full-time courses

    leading to several different qualifications. Northern College was a

    teacher training college with campuses in Aberdeen and Dundee. In 2000,

    the Aberdeen campus of Northern College became the University of

    Aberdeen School of Education. Aberdeen Grammar School, (now

    comprehensive, despite its name) founded in 1263 and one of the oldest

    schools in Britain.


    Aberdeen Football Club was founded in 1903. Its major success was

    winning the European Cup Winners Cup in 1983 and three League

    Championships between 1980 and 1986. The club’s stadium is Pittodrie

    which holds the distinction of being Britain’s first all-seater

    stadium. Aberdeen F.C. holds the distinction of being the last team to

    have won the Scottish Premier League Championship outside the Old Firm

    and is the only Scottish team to have won two European trophies adding

    to their European Cup Winners Cup success by winning the European Super

    Cup also in 1983. Well known footballers who have played for the club

    include Gordon Strachan (Current Celtic manager), Alex McLeish (Current

    Rangers manager) and club legend Willie Miller. Denis Law, the joint

    top scorer for the Scotland national team was also born in the city,

    but spent his professional career playing for English and Italian clubs.

    Aberdeen Golf Club was founded in 1815. It has two 18-hole courses at

    Balgownie, north of the River Don. There are other golf courses at

    Auchmill, Balnagask, Hazlehead and King’s Links.

    Tours and Sightseeing

    The Aberdeen Tourist Information Centre, where the staff can usually

    find just the right way to visit Aberdeen. Some other organized tours

    and travel agencies are there in the city. These tours are organized by

    the operators and vary from its contents, theme and price. The tours

    mainly feature the museums, art galleries, Scottish Castles etc.

    Hotels and Accommodations

    Because of increasing numbers of tourists and business travelers to the

    Granite City — Europe’s offshore oil capital and less number of hotels

    compare with tourists — hotels are likely to be heavily booked any

    time of year. So reservation in advance is a must before stepping to

    the city. Some of the Hotels in Aberdeen (ranging from Affordable to

    Luxury) are listed below:

  • Antrim Guest House
  • Station Hotel
  • Royal Hotel
  • Express by

    Holiday Inn Aberdeen
  • Thistle Aberdeen

  • Copthorne Hotel

  • The Edwardian Hotel
  • Bimini Guest House
  • The Spires

    Serviced Suites
  • Thistle Aberdeen

  • Summerhill Hotel

    and Suites
  • Macdonald Ardoe

    House Hotel
  • Britannia Hotel

  • Waterwheel Inn
  • Dyce Skean Dhu
  • Transport

    There are four main roads serving the city: A90, A96, A93, A92, A90 now

    used as a tourist route.

    The city’s original ring road, Anderson Drive, which was built in the

    1930s has long since been engulfed by the expansion of the city, and is

    inadequate for dealing with today’s traffic. To this end, a new main

    bypass road, the Western Peripheral Route, is planned to divert through

    traffic away from the city centre. The road is due to open in 2010.

    The city is well served by the national railway network. Aberdeen has

    regular rail services to Glasgow and Edinburgh as well as long distance

    trains to London via Edinburgh. It is possible to take the longest

    scheduled rail journey in the whole of the UK from Aberdeen. Regular

    trains also run north westerly towards Inverness and north to Dyce for

    the airport.

    Aberdeen also has an airport in the neighbouring town of Dyce, which is

    operated by BAA plc. As well as connecting the city to the rest of the

    UK, Aberdeen Airport (sometimes refererred to as Dyce Airport) is the

    largest helicopter terminal in the world, serving the many North Sea

    oil installations. The IATA airport code for the airport is ABZ.

    Source by Maria W.